Invaluable Life Advice from Jane Eyre (Part Four)


Welcome to Part Four of this five part list of advice from Jane Eyre, written by Charlotte Brontë. Whether you’ve read the book or not, enjoyed it’s story or despised it, I hope to highlight the areas where valuable life lessons can be learned. Check out Part One, Part Two, and Part Three if you missed them.

1 – Never make big decisions in times of high emotion.

“…you must really make an effort to tranquillize your feelings.” St. John (Chapter 33)

“I will hold to the principles received by me when I was sane, and not mad – as I am now.” Jane to herself (Chapter 27)

Take a breather and distract yourself, always, before committing to an action in a moment of extreme emotional highs and lows. Be careful not to make tough promises when you’re happy, send lengthy gut-spilling messages when you’re sad, or quit your job in a massive angry outburst.

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We later regret the decisions made and words spoken in those moments, so it’s best to step away, calm down, and decide how to act when our minds have settled down.

2 – Decipher between what’s desired and what’s necessary.

“That I should like to have it is certain; whether it would be judicious or wise is another question.” St. John (Chapter 32)

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Whether it’s a new car or a new boyfriend, it’s important to consider the necessity  and morale of whatever is desired. Is it right or wrong, will it still be wanted a month later? Think about it before jumping in.

3 – Connection is key.

“And you,” I interrupted, “cannot at all imagine the craving I have for fraternal and sisterly love. I never had a home, I never had brothers and sisters; I must and will have them now.” Jane (Chapter 33)

“…there is no happiness like that of being loved by our fellow-creatures, and feeling that your presence is an addition to their comfort.” Narrator (Chapter 22)Image result for family

At the end of the day, we are human and need love and connection from others. That’s what most of us desire in life whether we admit it or not, and connection is what gives life true meaning.

4 – Do not idolize humans. 

“I could not, in those days, see God for his creature, of whom I had made an idol.” Jane on Mr. Rochester (Chapter 24)

Especially when infatuated with a new interest, it’s easy to place him/her on an impossible pedestal. We also do this with celebrities, parents, teachers, and other people in places of high admiration. It’s great to have role models but important to remember that these people are only human too. They will make mistakes and let us down, and that’s normal. To avoid heartbreak, know they’re human, not gods without imperfections.

Admire those who deserve it, but don’t hold them to inhuman standards.

5 – Forgiving enemies from the past will bring you peace. 

“It is a happy thing that time quells the longings of vengeance, and hushes the promptings of rage and aversion; I had left this woman in bitterness and hate, and I came back to her now with no other emotion than a sort of ruth for her great sufferings, and a strong yearning to forget and forgive all injuries…” Narrator on Mrs. Reed (Chapter 21)

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It’s an amazing experience to feel nothing at the sight of an old face that used to bring pain. Forgive, move on, and over time you will also forget. Peace will come as days go by and new friends come and go. Allow yourself to forgive and heal, and you’ll gain true serenity of mind.

6 – Help others. 

“…no service degrades which can better our race.” St. John (Chapter 30)

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Give a little change to a person on a street corner with a cardboard sign, pick up some trash in the ditch, clean up a mess so another doesn’t have to…the list is endless of tasks we can complete to help others. It should never be seen as degrading and we shouldn’t feel we are “above” doing something because we’re all human, here on this earth, surviving together.

7 – An experience is only as good as your attitude/mood in the moment. 

“I flew through Europe half mad, with disgust, hate, and rage as my companions; now I shall revisit it healed and cleansed…” Mr. Rochester (Chapter 24)

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Vacations, movies, theme parks, weddings, family functions, and any other events are only enjoyed when you have a clear mind. If you go on vacation immediately following a huge fight with your significant other, you likely won’t enjoy that vacation at all.

The good thing about attitude is that we have one hundred percent over our own. So no matter what happened leading up to today, you have the power to tell yourself to suck it up and have a great day.

8 – Forgive yourself, whether others forgive you or not. 

“…let him look higher than his equals for strength to amend, and solace to heal.” Jane Eyre (Chapter 20)

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Asking for forgiveness can be hard, especially if the other person refuses to accept the apology. However, nothing is as hard as forgiving ourselves.

Say it out loud, and say it everyday, “I forgive myself.” Over time, you’ll be able to lighten the burden on your heart.

9 – Keep yourself guarded.

“…I should keep him ignorant that harm to me is possible.” Mr. Rochester (Chapter 20)

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Be vulnerable when you need to vent, but keep those against you ignorant of weakness. Those people don’t deserve to see inside your soul to the beautiful person within.

10 – Never let the difficult times darken your spirit. 

“I will break obstacles to happiness, to goodness…” Mr. Rochester (Chapter 15)Image result for obstacle

Keep a fighter’s motivation and push back when times grow arduous. Don’t let the darkness of others and the world around you infect your spirit. Stand strong and know that dark times are bound to change, and push away those people who only bring you down.Image result for book

Thanks for reading this post, and stay tuned for Part Five.

Carly Twelve ^_^


This is Why Humans are like the Sun

life, Metaphors in Nature

Metaphors for human life exist all throughout nature – if we take the time to observe and compare. Seeing the parallels between your life and the lives of creatures and natural phenomenons all throughout the universe will help you feel connected to something greater than the modern, manipulated society.

This post will discuss the similarities between a single human life and the Sun above. To be clear, this will NOT be claiming that the world revolves around humans. Human beings are important, but not the center of the solar system.

However there are some other, more humbling parallels among ourselves and that bright star we circle each year.

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Photo by Sebastian Voortman on

Here is how the Sun is like your human life:

1 – Throughout life, you will rise and fall repeatedly. 

We all have ups and downs. Often when things seem as if they cannot stray any further downhill – further, in fact, they can go. On the other hand, after persevering through the difficult times you will see your life starting to brighten once again.

Life grows arduous, and life shifts upward. It’s normal and natural for the universe to knock you down and pick you back up over and over throughout the years you live.

Don’t let the dark times ruin the good, and don’t let the good times leave you in despair during the dark days.

sunrise under cloudy sky illustration

Photo by Public Domain Pictures on

Rise and fall – it’s what we’re built to do – just like the Sun. Sunrise/Sunset. Soulrise/Soulset.

2 – You need rest. 

Rest is often seen as weakness or laziness in our modern world. Aren’t you supposed to be cleaning your home or doing laundry on the weekend instead of staying in bed all day? …Not necessarily.

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Photo by Pixabay on

We are only human and if the mighty bright Sun needs to go down and have a few hours hours out of the spotlight, then so do we. Don’t make the mistake of neglecting to give yourself rest and time to relax in peace.

3 – You can radiate your light to the those around you. 

Within your soul resides wisdom and strength that others can benefit from. Be like the Sun and radiate your uniqueness to the world. Don’t hide it in fear or lack of confidence.

Laughter, positive messages, and kindness are contagious. They each have the ability to scatter their rays of light across this darkened world, but only if each human is brave enough to let out his/her inner light.

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Photo by Pixabay on

Learn to be like the sun and throw those beams of light out each day, consistently. Don’t ask for permission, just go for it.

4 – You are built – mentally and physically – to keep moving. 

Growing settled in one place, or sticking in one toxic situation is something we’re all guilty of. It’s often scary to keep moving in life, but it’s also something we need to do.

Life is too short to dwell. Sitting idly is never good for anyone’s health. Always strive to explore – whether it’s new places on earth or new areas within yourself.

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Photo by Pixabay on

The Sun above is in constant motion, as we humans should be, too. The second we give up on further movement of our minds and bodies is the second we give up on life. Just as if the Sun stopped moving, destruction comes when we sit in place for too long.

Do you see that your human life parallels the actions of the Sun? How amazing is it that our little lives mimic the behavior of the life giving star we see everyday?

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Photo by Pixabay on

Thank you for reading this post, and go check out the Sun today. Feel the power in your soul and know that you and that star are the same.

And have an awesome day. 🙂

Carly Twelve

You Will be Intrigued by Opossums

Pets, Wildlife
black brown and white animal

Photo by Pixabay on

Isn’t this little guy pictured above absolutely adorable? I think so. Some might not.

Opossums aren’t the most loved critters on planet earth, and some people see them as vermin. Take a minute to travel beyond all the stereotypes about opossums and let’s look a little deeper into their short lives.

Check out these ten intriguing facts about the opossum:

1 – Opossums don’t live very long. 

Unfortunately, most opossums only live around 1-2 years at the most. That means when you pass opossums on the side of the road, stop to hang out for a minute. Their little lives are short, and they could use all the friends and fun offered to them. Take a rest break from driving to observe this odd critter.

2 – When it comes to food, opossums aren’t picky at all.

These cat-sized creatures can eat anything from trash to another opossum that has perished. Plants, tiny mammals, human waste – all on the opossum’s menu. Finding food isn’t typically a problem for these little guys.

3 – You could probably outrun a opossum. 

This creature does not have speed on its side. This lack of quickness is one reason why opossums often resort to “playing dead” when they feel threatened. If you think you’re a slow runner, race a opossum. It might lift your spirits.

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Photo by Snapwire on

4 – They might be slow, but opossums are actually awesome swimmers.

Opossums can compensate for their slow running skills with “playing dead” and…swimming. Pretty cool, huh?

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Photo by ajay bhargav GUDURU on

5 – Not only are they good swimmers, but opossums can also climb.

The slow running isn’t sounding like much of a hindrance now, is it? Opossums survive in other ways than out-running their predators. Climbing isn’t their first option of evading danger, but if necessary, they do possess the skills to climb and escape.

6 – Opossums move their homes often.

Using dens already created by other animals – and other safe, dark places – opossums get cozy, stay awhile, and then move on to another den. This helps them deter nearby danger and predators.

7 – In the beginning of the 20th century, opossums were common pets.

Though some people do keep opossums as pets these days, it’s not very common. It’s odd to imagine that opossums were once in high demand as furry companions.

8 – Opossums are not rodents, they are marsupials. 

Though opossums might have a rat-like appearance and rodent-like behavior, they’re not rodents at all. They are marsupials.

Marsupials are mammals that grow and strengthen their babies in an external  (yet, air tight when necessary) pouch (instead of the placenta, like humans and most other mammals.)

It’s easier to picture when hearing this is the same group that kangaroos belong to – external pouches to house their young.

9 – Opossums might growl and hiss when they feel threatened. 

More often than not, these critters are silent and use other methods of defense. But don’t be surprised if you startle a opossum and see it bare its little teeth while hissing at you.

10 – Opossums are…germaphobes.

Okay, maybe not exactly. However, like cats, opossums groom themselves constantly throughout their waking hours. In fact, they’re amazing at taking care of ticks as well. So last time you went for a walk in the woods and didn’t feel a tick piercing your skin, you might want to thank a opossum.

Next time you see a little opossum, say, “Thanks for keeping that tick away from me.” Seriously – show some gratitude.

Thank you so much for reading this post about an amazing, misunderstood critter. Hopefully opossums will now hold a special place in your heart.

What humans can learn from the opossum: Make up for weak areas by focusing on your strengths.

Have a great day!

Carly Twelve


Kirchner, J. (2017, June 13). Opossums: Unsung Heroes in the Fight against Ticks and Lyme disease. Retrieved from

Living with Wildlife: Opossums. Retrieved from

Virginia Opossum (Didelphis Virginian).


Five More Life Lessons From ‘A Christmas Carol’ by Charles Dickens

Books, life

The love I have for this little novel is apparent. However, unbiased, the wise words by Charles Dickens are undeniable.

If you missed the first part, check it out.

Here are five more messages from A Christmas Carol everyone should take the time to consider:

1 – We are all equal in this universe. 

“It may be, that in the sight of Heaven, you are more worthless and less fit to live than millions like this poor man’s child.” The Ghost of Christmas Present (Stave Three)


Seeing oneself as more valuable than another human – whether due to social class, career, or appearance – is absolutely ignorant. Who’s to say one life means more than another? We are one and the same.

2 – Cruelty will come with its own punishment. 

“However, his offences carry their own punishment, and I have nothing to say against him.” Nephew (Stave Three)

“I am sure he loses pleasanter companions than he can find in his own thoughts, either in his mouldy old office, or his dusty chambers.” Nephew (Stave Three)


Holding grudges and seeking revenge is difficult to avoid, however, it’s best that we do stay away from this. Because quite often, people will end up facing their own cruelty in the end.

3 – Let them laugh if they will, just keep doing what’s good for you

“Some people laughed to see the alteration in him, but he let them laugh, and little heeded them; for he was wise enough to know that nothing ever happened on this globe, for good, at which some people did not have their fill of laughter in the outset…” Narrator (Stave Five)

People are going to judge you. It’s that simple. No matter what you find yourself participating in, saying, or believing in – you will be judged. Just do what you feel is right and don’t let others hold you back with their judgement.

4 – Spread the joy. 

“…there is nothing in the world so irresistibly contagious as laughter and good-humour.” Narrator (Stave Three)

“Say that his power lies in words and looks; in things so slight and insignificant that it is impossible to add and count ‘em up: what then? The happiness he gives, is quite as great as if it cost a fortune.” Scrooge (Stave Two)


Laughter and kindness are beautiful. Let us all allow them to radiate from our souls.

5 – It’s never too late to make amends and change your ways. 

“…this is a fearful place. In leaving it, I shall not leave its lesson, trust me. Let us go!” Scrooge (Stave Four)

“But if the courses be departed from, the ends will change.” Scrooge (Stave Four)

“Why show me this, if I am past all hope?” Scrooge (Stave Four)

“I will live in the Past, the Present, and the Future. The Spirits of all Three shall strive within me.” Scrooge (Stave Four)

“Yes,” said Scrooge. “That is my name, and I fear it may not be pleasant to you. Allow me to ask your pardon. And will you have the goodness…” (Stave Five)


Never let the fear that it’s “too late” keep you from setting things straight. The way that others take it is their own business. Do what you have to do to bring peace to your soul whether it’s six or sixty years after damage has been done.

Over 150 years after the publication of A Christmas Carol, we still have much to learn from the priceless pages. We’ve lost a lot of goodness in the modern ways of society, but we each have the power to find those meaningful values once again.

Thank you for reading this post. And I hope your holiday season is filled with kindness and laughter.


All pictures and quotes in this post come directly from the book itself. (A Christmas Carol, Charles Dickens, 1843)


Six Life Lessons from ‘A Christmas Carol’ by Charles Dickens

Books, life

As we engross ourselves in this Christmas season, we must not lose our values in the modern obsession of buying things. It’s nice to give gifts, but the holidays are about so much more than that.

A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens created a popular concept that has been reiterated throughout tons of movies and publications since the 1843 release. The attention is rightfully earned as there are many lessons to be learned from this novella.


Here are the top nine most meaningful messages we should all heed:

1 – Being harsh towards others will end up burdening the soul.

“The cold within him froze his old features.” Narrator (Stave One)

“I wear the chain I forged in life…” Marley’s Ghost (Stave One)

“…if that spirit goes not forth in life, it is condemned to do so after death.” Marley’s Ghost (Stave One)


Not only does it make others feel inadequate, but being cruel to people will come back to haunt in vicious ways. Try to never do wrong to another person, because all parties involved will end up being damaged.

2 – Events, people, and things do not need to be profitable in order to be meaningful.

“There are many things from which I might have derived good, by which I have not profited, I dare say.” Nephew (Stave One)

“…a good time: a kind, forgiving, charitable, pleasant time: the only time I know of, in the long calendar of the year, when men and women seem by one consent to open their shut-up hearts freely, and to think of people below them as if they really were fellow-passengers to the grave, and not another race of creatures bound on other journeys. And therefore, uncle, though it has never put a scrap of gold or silver in my pocket, I believe that it has done me good, and will do me good; and I say, God bless it!” Nephew (Stave One)

“I want nothing from you; I ask nothing of you; why cannot we be friends?” Nephew (Stave One)


Whether it’s a friendship, a party, or a cheap item at a garage sale, it does not have to bring a profit in order to have value.

3 – Mind your own business.

“It’s not my business,” Scrooge returned. “It’s enough for a man to understand his own business, and not to interfere with other people’s.” Scrooge (Stave One)

“…for it is always the person not in the predicament who knows what ought to have been done in it..” Narrator (Stave Three)

“It may be, that in the sight of Heaven, you are more worthless and less fit to live than millions like this poor man’s child.” The Ghost of Christmas Present (Stave Three)

Simple point – do not throw out opinions if the situation is not your own.

4 – Do not let golden idols replace your loved ones.

“What Idol has displaced you?” he rejoined.
“A golden one.” (Stave Two)

“You fear the world too much,” she answered, gently. “All your other hopes have merged into the hope of being beyond the chance of its sordid reproach. I have seen your nobler aspirations fall off one by one, until the master-passion, Gain, engrosses you. Have I not?” (Stave Two)


The companions closest to you, that you feel a connection with, are far more important than fortune. Good people are priceless.

5 – Money does not bring contentment.

“…we were poor and content to be so…” (Stave Two)

“…you who, in your very confidence with her, weigh everything by Gain…” (Stave Two)

“Avarice, had dealing, griping cares? They have brought him to a rich end, truly!” Narrator (Stave Four)


If money is the goal of life, happiness will NEVER be possible.

6 – To have the heart of a child is admirable.

“…in short, I should have liked, I do confess, to have had the lightest licence of a child, and yet been man enough to know its value.” Narrator (Stave Two)

Sometimes it’s seen as irresponsible to laugh and have fun. But in truth, it’s actually wise to retain these traits in adulthood.

These fifteen quotes from A Christmas Carol provide insights to a life we should all live. If the lessons are heeded we will all be better for it.

As a society, we have lost the values instilled in this novella. It would do the world a huge favor for us fall back into the mindset of A Christmas Carol.

Thank you so much for reading this post and I wish you a very happy and content holiday season.



All photos and quotes come directly from the book itself (A Christmas Carol, Charles Dickens, 1843)



Ten Wondrous Facts about Armadillos


In southern states of the U.S. and all the way down into South America, armadillos of different shapes and sizes roam the lands. Here are ten awesome facts about these peculiar creatures:

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1. Armadillos live and love to dig.

In fact, their digging is what keeps them alive. Whether it’s digging burrows or scouring the ground out for insect meals, this is what they’re known for.

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2. The digging habit of armadillos is closely related to their location on the map.

In southern areas, the soil is soft enough for these creatures to dig as much as their little claws desire. The harder the soil, the more difficult it is to do their work. This is why an armadillo won’t be spotted in the northern states where the soil is cold and callous.

Armadillo Close-up

Aside from needing soft soil, armadillos just aren’t built for cold weather. With little stores of fat in their anatomy, they’re often forced to cuddle up in burrows when cold weather hits their habitats.

3. There are 20 different varieties of the armadillo and only one, the nine banded armadillo, can be found in the U.S.

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So if you want to see the diverse sizes and colors of the armadillo species, you’ll have to venture down to the warm climates of South America.

4. The nine banded armadillo is the state mammal of Texas.

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The scientific name for this specific variety of the armadillo is Dasypus novemcinctus. Though Texas has claimed this animal as Her official state mammal, nine banded armadillos can also be found in the U.S states of Oklahoma, Louisiana, and Kansas.

5. Armadillos found in South America can be much larger than those known in the U.S. They can even grow up to five feet long and 120 pounds. 

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On the other end of the spectrum, they can be as small as five inches and weigh 3 ounces.

6. The word “armadillo” comes from the Spanish language and means, “Little armored one.”

The term “nine banded” is in reference to the number of bands on the shell of the armadillos found in the southern U.S.

The scientific name for armored mammals is xenarthra cingulata.Image result for ant eater clip art

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Mammal + Armor = Armadillo (Xenarthra cingulata)

7. The rough and tough looking shells on the backs of armadillos are there for protection.

Everything serves a purpose, right? Though the shells may look odd to humans, these creatures depend on their firm coating to guard against predators. They are the only mammals to sport these shells of armor.

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Unfortunately, their soft bellies are prone to attack from predators, but the armadillos will sometimes sink down into the dirt when they are under attack to protect the soft side and let their enemies face the rigid shells.

8. A diet of an armadillo primarily includes insects, but they also eat plants and small vertebrates (this could include anything from a tiny fish or lizard up to a little mouse).

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9. Armadillos have terrible eyesight, but make up for this with their amazing sense of smell.

When digging down in the dirt, they use their long snouts to sniff out their dinner.

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With such poor eyesight, it’s pretty easy to sneak up on an armadillo, especially one who is hard at work digging out a new burrow. A close encounter with one of these creatures can be common, but one should always respect the territory and be careful not to spook the armadillo.

10. Armadillos are descendants of a prehistoric creature called the “glyptodon.”

Apparently, these big guys were around the size of a small car.

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Life advice from the armadillo: When facing stressful times, focus on your strengths.

Though they look a little odd and might destroy your yard from time to time, armadillos are awesome creatures that deserve to live on this planet just as much as any other unique species of earth.

Thank you very much for reading this post. My armadillo buddies and I are eternally grateful. ^_^

Carly Twelve

Image result for three armadillos


“Nine-Banded Armadillo (Dasypus Novemcinctus).” Texas Parks and Wildlife,

“Armadillos.” National Geographic,

“Armadillo (Xenarthra cingulata).” San Diego Zoo Animals and Plants,

Invaluable Life Advice from Jane Eyre (Part Three)


There’s too much wisdom in this novel to condense it down to one or two single documents, so here is Part Three of the priceless life advice contracted from Charolette Brontë’s Jane Eyre.

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If you missed them, check out Part One and Part Two.

1 – Never let your pride make your decisions for you. 

“Her feelings are concentrated in one – pride; and that needs humbling.” Mr. Rochester (Chapter 24)

“I have not much pride under such circumstances; I would always rather be happy than dignified, and I ran after him…” Narrator on St. John (Chapter 34)

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Pride can be a dangerous trait when it comes to happiness, contentment, and closure. It’s important to know when to swallow the stubbornness of pride and move forward with life.

2 – Trust your gut. 

“…cease to mistrust yourself…” St. John (Chapter 34)

“To have yielded then would have been an error of principle; to have yielded now would have been an error of judgement.” Narrator (Chapter 35)

“…he surrounded me with his arm, almost as if he loved me. I say almost – I knew the difference – for I had felt what it was to be loved…” Narrator (Chapter 35)

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Those gut feelings in moments of pressure are often protective. Sometimes it’s best to trust those feelings instead of overthinking the situation.

3 – Even those we have high respect for are only human.  

“…I felt his imperfection, and took courage. I was with an equal, one with whom I might argue…” Narrator (Chapter 34)

“When I remembered how far I had once been admitted to his confidence, I could hardly comprehend his present frigidity.” Jane on St. John (Chapter 34)

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It’s normal to be nervous or to act differently around those of socially higher status – a professor, boss, doctor, etc. Yet at the end of the day, those people are only human, too. They may deserve and receive our respect, but they should still be treated as fellow humans.

4 – Know your own worth and value. Stand firm in your feelings. 

“A woman who could betray me for such a rival was not worth contending for; she deserved only scorn; less however, than I, who had been her dupe.” Mr. Rochester (Chapter 15)

“…so don’t make him the object of your fine feelings, your raptures, agonies, and so forth. He is not of your order; keep to your caste; and be too self respecting to lavish the love of the whole heart, soul, and strength, where such a gift is not wanted and would be despised.” Narrator (Chapter 17)

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“But I was not jealous, or very rarely – the nature of the pain I suffered could not be explained by that word. Miss Ingram was a mark beneath jealousy; she was too inferior to excite the feeling.” Narrator (Chapter 18)

“…I can live alone, if self-respect and circumstances require me so to do. I need not sell my soul to buy bliss. I have an inward treasure, born with me, which can keep me alive if all extraneous delights should be withheld, or offered only at a price I cannot afford to give.” The gypsy (Mr. Rochester) quoting Jane’s personality (Chapter 19)

“A sneer, however, whether covert or open, had now no longer that power over me it once possessed…” Narrator (Chapter 21)

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“The fact was, I had other things to think about…pains and pleasures so much more acute and exquisite had been exited than any it was in their power to inflict or bestow – that their airs gave me no concern either for good or bad.” Narrator (Chapter 21)

“I’ll promise you anything, sir, that I think I am likely to perform.” Jane Eyre (Chapter 21)

“Jewels for Jane Eyre sounds unnatural and strange; I would rather not have them.” Jane (Chapter 24)

“…and I don’t call you handsome, sir, though I love you most dearly – far too dearly to flatter you. Don’t flatter me.” Jane (Chapter 24)

“…don’t send for the jewels, and don’t crown me with roses; You might as well put a border of gold lace round that plain pocket-handkerchief you have there.” Jane (Chapter 24)

“…I like rudeness a great deal better than flattery. I had rather be a thing than an angel.” Jane (Chapter 24)

“Seek one elsewhere than in me, St. John…” Jane (Chapter 34)

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“…if I bid you do what you thought wrong, there would no light-footed running, no neat-handed alacrity, no lively glance and animated complection. My friend would then turn to me quiet and pale, and would say, ‘No, sir; that is impossible; I cannot do it, because it is wrong,’ and would become immutable as a fixed star. Well, you, too, have power over me, and may injure me…” Mr. Rochester (Chapter 20)

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If any situation or person leads you to question your beliefs and who you are, do not take it lightly. Stand strong in the way that you feel about things and don’t let others question your integrity. Some people deserve our love, and some do not. Some people will help us learn, and others will help us learn who not to be.

Self respect goes a long way in keeping you happy. Don’t let others make you question who you are or the value you know you possess.

5 – Move on when necessary.

“…what necessity is there to dwell on the Past, when the Present is so much surer – the Future so much brighter?” Mr. Rochester (Chapter 27)

“…I must seek another interest in life to replace the one lost…” Jane to herself (Chapter 34)

“…I see the necessity of departure; and it is like looking on the necessity of death.” Jane Eyre (Chapter 23)

“It cannot be too early to commence the task I have to fulfil.” Jane to herself about leaving (Chapter 27)

“He would send for me in the morning; I should be gone.” Jane/Narrator (Chapter 27)

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Moving on and letting go are possibly the most difficult actions throughout our lives. Yet sometimes, it’s the best option for ourselves in order to regain sanity and happiness. Though it may ache and burn the heart, over time it becomes obvious that moving on is the best decision.

6 – Say what’s on your mind and release those feelings from burdening your heart.  

“Reserved people often really need the frank discussion of their sentiments and griefs more than the expansive.” Narrator (Chapter 32)

“…it is fully as much a matter of feeling as of conscience. I must indulge my feelings, I so seldom have had an opportunity of doing so.” Jane (Chapter 33)

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Bottling things up will make a person absolutely insane until finally the thoughts explode in destructive ways. It’s far better to let out the feelings as they trouble you. Holding things in will stress you out, so speak up and release the tension.

7 – Music and Books can solve many problems. 

“…the world book acted as a transient stimulus…” Narrator (Chapter 3)

“I soon forgot storm in music.” Narrator (Chapter 33)

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There aren’t too many stressors that can’t be drowned out by amazing songs and awesome reads. Whether you are in a sad, angry, frustrated, or bored mood, there’s typically a song or novel close by that can ease the mind.

8 – Other people, for whatever reasons, just think differently than you. 

“…for acting in conformity to ideas and principles instilled into them, doubtless, from their childhood…they had reasons for holding them such as I could not fathom.” Narrator on Miss Ingram marrying Mr. Rochester for pride and money (Chapter 18)

“…convinced me that there must be arguments against its general adoption of which I was quite ignorant, otherwise I felt sure all the world would act as I wished to act.” Narrator (Chapter 18)Image result for different

Sometimes it depends on how you’re raised, other times it’s a result of stressful events, and often it’s a result of society’s influence – the point is, right or wrong, we all have our own opinions on the world and how it should be. You can argue for years with someone with differing views, but it’s often a complete waste of time.

Respect and understand that others will always have different ways of thinking. We will never agree on everything. Take it for what it is, respect your own beliefs, and you will be at peace.

9 – Enjoy natural beauties of the world. 

“Turn back; on so lovely a night it is a shame to sit in the house; and surely no one can wish to go to bed while sunset is thus at meeting with moonrise.” Mr. Rochester (Chapter 23)

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Those cloudless moonlit nights are a simple beauty of nature meant to be enjoyed by us all. We so frequently ignore and disregard the simple wonder that the skies and earth provide us with. Take the time to admire the exquisite earth we take for granted.

10 – Sometimes it’s best to keep things to yourself.

“It is far better to endure patiently a smart which nobody feels but yourself, than to commit a hasty action whose evil consequences will extend to all connected with you.” Helen Burns (Chapter 6)

“Silence composes the nerves.” Narrator (Chapter 15)

“You are no talking fool; say nothing about it.” Mr. Rochester (Chapter 15)

It is my way – it was always my way by instinct – ever to meet the brief with brevity, the direct with plainness.” Narrator (Chapter 29)Image result for shh

It’s good to let things out if they’re eating at you, but always be wise in letting the world see your every thought and plan. We live in a world today that is quick to scream and shout opinions. It can feel pretty good to be that one person in the background, observing and keeping the thoughts inside.

Living in a loud world, many times it’s best to enjoy silent moments. The loudness of society will never listen to wisdom anyway, so share your thoughts with those who will listen, instead of the boisterous voices that only seek attention.

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That’s ten more pieces of valuable advice I’ve heard in the pages of Jane Eyre. I hope you enjoyed this post and thank you ever so much for reading it.

Carly Twelve ^_^




This is Why Pets are Better Than Friends


Loneliness can be a harmful feeling for anyone across all walks of life. Most of the time when loneliness hits, the first thought is that it might be a good idea to go out and meet new people or form new friendships. However, sometimes the best kind of new friend isn’t human at all.

When craving companionship, instead of hanging around local places to pick up new acquaintances, head out to the local animal shelter and consider adopting a furry friend to curve the aches of feeling alone.    

Here are six reasons why pets are better than friends.

1 – With a pet, you’ll never have any drama between the two of you.

Unless you consider the potential destruction of furniture and other household items “drama” you aren’t likely to experience any from your pet. These beautiful creatures live each day like it’s their only day to exist. They aren’t going to dwell on the past or care what happened just five minutes ago. They couldn’t care less whose boyfriend you stole last year or that you were the only family member to not chip in for your father’s birthday gift. None of the petty situations in life matter to your pets, creating a drama free environment for you to live in.

2 – Your pet will never leave you.

It can be extremely painful to lose a friend when he/she leaves town or just stops communicating all together. A pet will never do this because a) it’s probably trapped in a fence or house, but also because b) it loves its owner unconditionally. It relies on the caregiver for companionship, food, and water and will be eternally grateful for these selfless services. It will never take off to another state for a job opportunity, clean out its closet to go take care of its sick relative, or grow tired of you and leave without notice. After adopting a pet, the worry that the new trusty companion might leave will never be an issue. It will be faithful and loyal until the very end.

3 – Your pet absolutely depends on you.

The feeling of not being needed by our friends can cause serious self-worth, value, and esteem issues. A pet, however, will forever be alive due to the loving hands of its owner. It will need you from day one until your time together comes to a close. You are the most important person on the planet to your furry friends. Being valued can make anyone feel needed and necessary.  

4 – Your pet will always be excited to see you.

It’s the best part of the work day when you’re free to go home and excite the senses of your eager pet. It will run to the door to greet you with a wagging tail, meowing voice, or a purring belly. Whether you are gone two minutes or two days, you can look forward to that pure, genuine excitement from your pet after being without you for any length of time. Wouldn’t it be nice to know that no matter how bad the work day may be, there will be an ecstatic little furball awaiting your homecoming with kisses and sweetness?

5 – You’re free to speak your mind without fear of judgement when venting to your pet.

Most often when we vent, we aren’t seeking advice or opinions, we just need someone to listen. Your secrets and views about the world will always be safe within the mind of your furry companion. It won’t judge you for feeling angry, sad, or even extremely happy. It will sit there with its sensitive ears and take in every single word you say to it. Who better to spill your darkest secrets to?

6 – Pets are not materialistic and will never ask for too much.

Friends might only hang around as long as you are the one paying for events. They might not want to hang out with you at all if you drive a rusty car, use a flip phone from 2008, or live in a sketchy apartment. Or your friends might just constantly judge your fashion styles and weird hobbies.

You know who will never even care about any of that stuff? Your pet. A pet can have entertainment for days with a cereal box it pulled out of the trash can. That’s the true meaning of “making the most of what you have.”

Feed the pets, give them water, take them to receive annual shots, and spend some time with them – that’s about it. They’re not going to ask for a brand new car, for a fancy dinner, for a cake on their birthdays (of course, you can if you prefer to celebrate the special occasion), and most of their toys can be made from random, cheap items around the house. No complaints, no snarky remarks, just you and your pet living each day with what you have.

If loneliness is beating down on you each night, stay out of the bars, clubs, and online dating sites. Check out the local animal shelter, save a life, and enjoy all the awesome benefits that come with taking care of an amazing animal. That pesky loneliness will go away and you will secure a lifelong, loyal companion.




Jacobs Bao, K. and Schreer, G. (2016) Pets and Happiness: Examining the Association  

Between Pet Ownership and Wellbeing, Anthrzoös, 29:2, 283-296, DOI: 10.1080/08927936.2016.1152721 <>

You Will Love the Okapi


Perhaps in a zoo or public library you’ve stumbled upon an image of this peculiar creature. The okapi is not vastly well known, even to modern biology, because of the secretive behavior of the animal. Though we may not know everything about this beautiful mammal, here are ten interesting facts that science has discovered:

1 – Okapis are related to giraffes. In fact, they’re the only living relative to the giraffe species.

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Upon further observation of the head of the okapi and the giraffe, similarities between the two species can be noted in the shape of the head and face, the horns on the males, and the ears.

2 – The Ituri Forest is the natural home of the Okapi species. This is a tropical rain forest in central Africa.

This forest also houses the Okapi Wildlife Preserve, dedicated to restoring the  population of the endangered okapis. (

3 – The scientific name for Okapis is Okapia Johnstoni. Translated, this means: “forest giraffe.”


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Take a giraffe from the Savannah and throw it into a lush, green rainforest, paint it brown and remove a few feet of height – and the result will be a brand new okapi.

To break it down a little more:

/Order: Artiodactyla/
/Family: Giraffidae/
/Genus and Species: Okapia johnstoni/

4 – Okapis like to live and travel alone.

Quiet and solitary, okapis do not travel in pairs or herds unless a mother is nursing an okapi calf. Other than this one circumstance, these creatures like to be isolated, even from other okapis. They mark their territory and let others know to stay away.

5 – The white and brown stripes have a purpose – camouflage in the rain forest.

The stripes on their lower half and the dark brown coat above help to keep the okapi hidden in the dense forests they are native to.

6 – Okapis can live up to 20-30 years. 

And every single one of those years an okapi spends on this earth is precious. Humans are lucky to be able to study and learn about these amazing animals.

7 – These animals are difficult to locate. 

Because of their sensitive hearing abilities and their camouflaged coats in the rainforest, okapis are not easy creatures to track down. They are very good at hiding and evading human detection.

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This might not be great for researchers, but it’s a huge help in keeping the okapis protected as they keep themselves off the radar.

8 – Okapis’ coats are oily. 

With an oily coat, water slides off instead of being absorbed. This is helpful in a wet, humid environment where the okapi species lives.

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9 – Leopards are the primary predator of the okapi. 

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The camouflage brown and striped coats and powerful hearing not only protect okapis against humans, but also defend against natural predators as well. The Ituri Rainforest may be beautiful, but it’s not lacking in the area of dangerous predators.

10 – Okapis are Herbivores. 

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This diet includes leaves, twigs, and other vegetation. No meat.

The okapi still leaves us with unanswered questions, but the species is no longer a complete mystery. This beautiful creature has opened many eyes to the wondrous diversity this earth provides.

What humans learn from the Okapi – be who you are, with stripes, big ears, and all else unique to you. Don’t feel you have to fit in with the rest of the world.

When an opportunity arises, check out the nearest zoo to get a glimpse of an okapi. You will not be disappointed.


Thank you for reading this post.

Hope the rest of your day is great!

Carly Twelve



Christiansen, P. (2006). The Encyclopedia of Animals. (pp. 91). London, United Kingdom. International Masters Publishers AB.

Bradford, A. (2016, September 23) Okapi: Facts About the Forest Giraffe. Retrieved from

Okapi. Retrieved from

The Okapi: A Most Curious Animal, A Cultural Symbol, a Species on the Brink.


Invaluable Life Advice from “Jane Eyre” (Part Two)


Charolette Brontë’s Jane Eyre is a masterpiece full of amazing life lessons. Here is the second collection of quotes from this novel that provide invaluable advice for anyone willing to read the lines and listen.

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If you missed Part One, check it out.

1 – Life is too short to stress.

“Why, then, should we ever sink overwhelmed with distress, when life is so soon over, and death is so certain an entrance to happiness – to glory?” Helen Burns (Chapter 8)

This quote is coming from a child often scorned for little reason and soon to die from a terminal illness. She knows her life is especially short and sees each day as a special gift no matter what unfortunate things happen. For those of us with many years left, we really need to learn to appreciate each day as a chance to live. Gratefulness goes a long way in de-stressing the modern life.

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2 – Beauty is much deeper than outward appearance. 

“..a beauty neither of fine color, nor long eyelash, nor pencilled brow, but of meaning, of movement, of radiance. Then her soul sat on her lips, and language flowed, from what source I cannot tell.” Narrator (Chapter 8)

“…he seems to have more length of limb than vivacity of blood or vigor of brain.” Narrator (Chapter 17)

“But my curiosity will be past its appetite; it craves food now.” Mr. Rochester (Chapter 17)

“She was very showy, but she was not genuine. She had a fine person, many brilliant attainments; but her mind was poor, her heart barren by nature…” Narrator (Chapter 18)

“She was not good, she was not original…She advocated a high tone of sentiment; but she did not know the sensations of sympathy and pity.” Narrator (Chapter 18)

It might sound all too cliché to say that attractiveness should be based on a person’s personality rather than his or her level of beauty. In reading Jane Eyre, we see that this issue of personality over appearance is a timeless debate.

In the novel and in real life, most happy couples’ relationships go much deeper than having pretty faces. Just because a person is gorgeous with a perfect body does not mean that he or she is a good person deserving of your eternal love. We must learn to look deeper into people’s souls when choosing friends and significant others.

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3 – Make the most out of life.

“…her spirit seemed hastening to live within a very brief span as much as many live during a protracted existence.” Narrator (Chapter 8)

This quote, again, is regarding a child living an extremely arduous life. Yet, Miss Helen Burns smiles through her pain and still manages to enjoy what little joys life has given her. If a child like this can learn to make the most of what she’s been given, than so can we.

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4 – Do more of what makes you happy. 

“I feasted, instead, on the spectacle of ideal drawings which I saw in the dark; all the work of my own hands. “ Narrator (Chapter 8)

We should all strive to do more of the things that make us forget to eat. Those are the activities that will bring us true happiness and lead us to enjoy our mundane lives more and more each day. Search to find a passion and never stop pursuing what you love.

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5 – Who you are with is more important than what you have.

“Better is a dinner of herbs where love is, than a stalled ox and hatred therewith.” Narrator quoting Solomon (Chapter 8)

The people we are with whether it’s at home, on vacation, at work, or suffering on the side of the street can make or break the entire experience we’re living. We have all probably been on miserable vacations where we reside in a beautiful place yet spend the entire time on edge because we are with negative people who make us grumpy or anxious.

On the other hand, we have all likely experienced a nice time at work occasionally with coworkers or clients who make us laugh though we are in the midst of mundane labor.

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Wherever you are, whatever you’re doing, the experience is typically only as good as the people along for the ride with you.

6 – There is much to see in this world and yearning to experience all things in life is normal.

“I remembered that the real world was wide, and that a varied field of hopes and fears, of sensations and excitements, awaited those who had courage to go forth into its expanse to seek real knowledge of life amid its perils.” Narrator (Chapter 10)

“…the restlessness was in my nature; it agitated me to pain sometimes.” Narrator (Chapter 12)

“It is vain to say human beings ought to be satisfied with tranquillity; they must have action; and they will make it if they cannot find it.” Narrator (Chapter 12)

“It is thoughtless to condemn them, or laugh at them; if they seek to do more or learn more than custom has pronounced necessary for their sex.” Narrator on Women (Chapter 12)

“To pass its threshold was to return to stagnation…” Narrator on Thornfield (Chapter 12)

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Nowadays we can look at pictures of far away places on the internet, but there’s still nothing better than going to those places and experiencing them for ourselves. It’s perfectly normal to want some adventure and when the itch to travel comes, nothing will ease the ache other than buying a ticket and heading out for a new adventure.

7 – Like it or not, some people just are the way they are and there’s nothing that can be done about it. 

“Partly because it is his nature – and we can none of us help our nature; and partly, he has painful thoughts, no doubt, to harass him, and make his spirits unequal.” Mrs. Fairfax (Chapter 13)

“But unimpressionable natures are not so soon softened, nor are natural antipathies so readily eradicated…” Narrator (Chapter 21)

Sometimes it’s hard to deal with people that are difficult or that seem to always disagree. The best thing to do is understand that he or she is the way he or she is. Accept this fact, don’t try to argue with him/her, and move on. You will be at peace.

8 – Never blame yourself for the actions of others.

“His changes of mood did not offend me, because I saw that I had nothing to do with their alteration; the ebb and flow depended on causes quite disconnected with me.” Narrator (Chapter 14)

If someone is rude to you without cause or reason, never blame yourself. We have the power to control our own actions, but never the power to affect the way others around us act. It’s hard to let go of trying to cheer someone up or to make a person like us when they are seemingly bothered by our presence, yet we can’t let these actions of others bring us down or lead to distress.

9 – Do not trouble yourself with things out of your control.

“…but where is the use of thinking of it, hampered, burdened, cursed as I am?” Mr. Rochester (Chapter 14)

The world is not always great, and terrible things often occur across all walks of life. A good way to keep the floods out of our own personal minds is to accept that many things are far beyond our control. If something can be done about a rough situation, that’s great. Go out and take of it. But if not, if there’s absolutely nothing you can do to improve the situation, move on. Try to make the most of what you can change and don’t worry about the rest.

10 – Expectations only bring disappointment. 

“…expectation has been so long baffled that it is grown impatient.” Jane on wanting to see Mr. Rochester badly.(Chapter 16)

“I was actually permitting myself to experience a sickening sense of disappointment…” Narrator (Chapter 17)

“I began to cherish hopes I had no right to conceive…” Narrator (Chapter 22)

“I feared – or should I say hoped? – the allusion to me would make Mr. Rochester glance my way; and I involuntarily shrunk further into the shade; but he never turned his eyes.” Narrator (Chapter 17)

Live life everyday with a fresh mind. Never play scenes in your head of how you’d like things to go or fantasize of how life will be if you ever win the lottery when most of us are never even going to play the lottery. All this does is create high expectations of life that are unrealistic and damaging. This destroys our ability to be grateful for what life has given us.

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If you haven’t read Jane Eyre yet, I strongly encourage you to do so. These quotes above and those in Part One are the lines that stuck out to me the most. The best way to learn is to pick up the novel yourself and fill your brain with its wisdom.

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Thank you for reading this post. ^_^

Carly Twelve

This Will Make You Want a Pet

Pets, Wildlife

Lifetime pet owners often preach about the happiness and comfort their pets bring them. Whether the pets are causing laughter with their odd, silly behavior or cuddling beside the owner when he/she is not feeling well, many pet owners truly believe their pets have positive effects on their health. However, for those who have never owned a cat, dog, hamster, bird, or any other type of animal, these statements can sound irrational and heavily biased.

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There is good news for those who love their animal companions – research shows that pets can, in fact, help to improve the overall health of their human caretakers.

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Physical Health

Heart Disease is the number one killer of U.S. adults, for both men and women of all different ethnicities.

Having high blood pressure (hypertension) is one of the major factors that can lead a person straight to chronic heart disease. Some studies have shown that owning a pet can cause a decrease in blood pressure and reduce the chances of heart related mortality.

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Interactions with pets can also lower cholesterol and reduce the risk cardiovascular disease overall.

So in addition to having a furry buddy around to keep you company, you could potentially be lowering your blood pressure and reducing your risk for heart disease while simply hanging out with your pet.

Mental Health

Depression and Anxiety are two mental disparities that affect millions of people in the United States alone. Whether we are burdened by bad biology, constant daily stressors, or major life tragedies, these issues are extremely debilitating and can lead to added physical and mental health issues. Stress itself leads to high blood pressure, heart disease, and an overall reduction in quality of life.

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A pet can potentially be a source of happiness and joy, and act as a stress reducer in a person’s life. There have been studies that show that pet owners are generally more happy and feel safer than non-pet owners. They can also be a nice and fun distraction from everyday routine life. Most people live day to day in a work-eat-sleep (no fun) pattern. Having a pet around can bring gratification, connection, and put a huge smile on a person’s face.

Taking the focus off of ourselves to focus on the care and interests of a pet is also a great way to escape the madness inside our own minds and pay attention to external activities.

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Loneliness, a colossal component that can worsen the effects of anxiety and depression, can be alleviated by having a pet around. The companionship with and attachment to the pet can be almost as strong as the bond of a human relationship.

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Improvements in Behavior

A sedentary lifestyle can lead to several health issues including obesity, diabetes, heart problems, high cholesterol, and many other complications. Owning a pet can be a major motivator to get out and exercise. Whether it’s direct – for example, walking a dog on a leash every morning, or indirect – wanting to improve one’s own physical condition in order to be able to better care for the animal, a little furry friend might be just what a person needs to get out of the house and start living a more active lifestyle.

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Secondhand smoke can not only harm other people, but also animals that are often around the toxins. Owning an animal can provide the necessary motivation to put down the cigarettes for good and to ban them from the home altogether.

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Pets come with responsibility, but the rewards can far outweigh the tasks of taking good care of a furry friend. If you want to lower your chances of heart disease, lighten your mood, and adopt healthy behaviors, a new pet might be exactly what you need.

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Thanks for reading. My pets and I love you. ^_^

Carly Twelve



Hodgson, K., Barton, L., Darling, M., Antao, V., Kim, F.A., and Monavvari, A. (2015). Pets’ Impact on Your Patients’ Health: Leveraging Benefits and Mitigating Risk. Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine, 28 (4), 526-534. Retrieved from

Jacobs Bao, K. and Schreer, G. (2016) Pets and Happiness: Examining the Association  Between Pet Ownership and Wellbeing, Anthrzoös, 29:2, 283-296, DOI: 10.1080/08927936.2016.1152721 <>  


Ten Enlightening Facts about the Atlantic Horseshoe Crab


The ocean provides the world with alluring and interesting creatures of all shapes, sizes, and classifications. The Atlantic Horseshoe Crab is one of these odd and fascinating species found in and near coastal waters. Here are 10 facts about this unique arthropod of the sea:

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1 – The scientific name is Limulus Polyphemus and is part of the arthropod classification. The horseshoe crab is not considered a crustacean and actually has more in common with scorpions and spiders (arachnids) than other “crab” species.

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2 – The term, “horseshoe” comes from the way the unique shells resemble a horseshoe. Here is a side by side comparison – what do you think? What would you have named this creature if you had stumbled upon it while walking along the shoreline?

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3 – The horseshoe crab is a 200 million year old (at least) species and is considered a living fossil. Each individual can live up to 20 years.


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4 – Horseshoe crabs mature and are ready to reproduce around age 10. They lay and bury their eggs in the sand near the shoreline. The fertilization period of the eggs varies with climate and location.

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5 – Variations of the Atlantic, or American, Horseshoe Crab can be found all along the East Coast of the United States stretching from Maine down to the Gulf of Mexico. Despite the differences among the shell colors, sizes, etc. all of them retain the Limulus Polyphemus classification.


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6 – The exoskeletons of the horseshoe crabs are shed over and over again. As the creature reaches the end of its sexual peak, the shells decrease in size over time. An older horseshoe crab will be smaller and produce less slime than those that are younger.Image result for horseshoe crab exoskeleton

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7 – Natural predators of the horseshoe crab and its eggs include sea turtles and shorebirds. Sea turtles are currently endangered, enhancing the importance of the horseshoe crab as a food source.

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8 – Because of the unique properties of its blue blood, the blood of the horseshoe crab is used in biomedical science, including the FDA, to test medicines and vaccinations.

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9 – Unfortunately, due to the overharvesting of horseshoe crabs for use as bait and testing in the biomedical field, the population has decreased through the years. This has also lead to a negative impact on the species’ that use this creature as a food source.

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10 – Other issues causing a decline in this population are climate change, erosion of the ocean floor, human development along coastal regions, and air pollution.

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Conservation teams are working to convince companies to cut back on mass harvesting. Synthetic alternatives to the unique properties of horseshoe crab blood are being tested in order to preserve this species, and to prevent any further decline. With time, hopefully we will be able to see the population turnaround and begin growing.

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Life advice from the Atlantic Horseshoe crab: If you take the time to get to know someone, you just might discover that deep down, the two of you are more alike than you would originally have thought.

This is an admirable creature of the sea sure to turn a head or two when it crosses paths with humans. It has been around a long time and hopefully will continue to grace the ecosystem with its presence for the rest of the Earth’s existence.

Thanks for reading this post. ^_^

Carly Twelve

Crab, Horseshoe, Male, Macro, Sand, Beach, Wildlife

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Bakker, A.K., Dutton, J., Sclafani, M., Santangelo, N. (2016, April 27) Environmental exposure of Atlantic horseshoe crab (Limulus Polyphemus) early life stages to essential trace elements. Retrieved from

Carter, S.C., Carmichael, R.H., Estes, M.G. Jr., and McBarnes, M. (2016, February) American Horseshoe Crab (Limulus Polyphemus): Population Ecology Within the Northern Gulf of Mexico. Retrieved from

Krisfalusi-Gannon, J., Ali, W., Dellinger, K., Robertson, L., Brady, T.E., Goddard, M.K.M., Tinker-Kulberg, R., Kepley, C.L., and Dellinger, A.L. (2018, June 05) The Role of Horseshoe Crabs in the Biomedical Industry and Recent Trends Impacting Species Sustainability. Retrieved from

Maloney, T., Phelan, R., and Simmons, N. (2018, May 10) Saving the horseshoe crab: A synthetic alternative to horseshoe crab blood for endotoxin detection. Retrieved from

Smith, D.R., Brockmann, H., Beekey, M.A. et al. Rev Fish Biol Fisheries (2017) 27: 135.